Are energy drinks beneficial or not for health? - Energy drinks are increasing year by year to meet the needs of the exotic, novelty and the desire to be more efficient in many of us.
It is very common to see young people buying and drinking an energy drink like Red Bull, Guru, or Hype Energy Monster; this is in and for some of these young people (that coffee does not interest), it is the ideal substitute to give energy to big lashes.
At first these drinks do not seem very good for health. They may even worry parents whose children are likely to buy because they are freely available in shops everywhere. But we exaggerate about the potential harms of these beverages or should we really worry us? Let's see what it is.
Are energy drinks beneficial or not for health?
Energy drinks typically contain the following ingredients: sugar, caffeine, plants (ginseng, guarana), vitamins (C, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12), amino acids (taurine) and glucuronolactone. The amount of each of these ingredients can vary from one brand to another. Some energy drinks contain in addition to alcohol.
amount of sugar
The sugar content can range from 0 to 81g per can. Some of these beverages do not contain them at all, because the sugar has been replaced by one or more sugar substitutes such as sucralose. But others may be high, because they are available in large format. The concentration of sugar in energy drinks is very close to the sugar content of soft drinks. Take an energy drink that contains 81g of sugar, is like drinking two cans of Coke and so swallow 324 calories, which is saying something.
The caffeine content can vary from 50 to 350 mg. Most energy drinks contain more than 100 mg per serving. At 350 mg, it is as if we had just 4-5 espresso coffee or 2 to 3 coffee filters, nothing less. It is in energy drinks concentrate type, such as 350 mg Red Line Power rush, which is found in these large amounts of caffeine.
According to Health Canada, a healthy adult should not exceed 6 mg of caffeine per kilogram of body weight, for a maximum of 400 mg per day, while for a 13 and older, the limit should not exceed 2 5 mg per kg of weight. Health Canada advises energy drinks to children 12 and under. A teenager weighing 40kg can not take more than 100 mg of caffeine per day, which means that most energy drinks are too high in caffeine for this teenager, which means that it consumes, it risks have side effects, such as sinus tachycardia, palpitations, insomnia, restlessness, nervousness, tremors, headache, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and an increased secretion urine. Moreover, in too high doses, caffeine can cause cardiovascular disorders because of its effect on blood pressure.
Guarana is a plant native to Brazil whose seeds naturally contain caffeine. Some energy drinks, such as Guru, have no added caffeine but contain guarana. So be vigilant, because even if the word caffeine does not appear in the list of ingredients, the presence of guarana indicates that the beverage is a significant source of caffeine.
Taurine is a non essential amino acid that the body can make. The producers of energy drinks make allegations about this taurine in their energy drinks that are not proven scientifically, far from it, for example: taurine would "thermoregulatory functions," stimulate "the metabolism and contractions heart muscle "and help to" maintain the overall health of the cardiovascular system. "
Taurine added to energy drinks has no demonstrated adverse effects or does not pose a problem specific to the food security plan of adults and healthy adolescents. By cons, the consumption of taurine is not recommended for children, pregnant women or people with liver or kidney. In addition, people with heart problems or high blood pressure should not eat (per week) over 2 cans containing taurine.
Ginseng, native to Asia, is an adaptogenic plant, that is to say that can increase the body's ability to adapt to stress. At therapeutic doses recommended and amounts found in energy drinks, ginseng is safe and devoid of side effects.
However, ginseng is against-indicated in people with high blood pressure, heart problems, diabetes, schizophrenia and insomnia as well as among those who are waiting for surgery. This against-indication also targets women with cancer hormone. The caution in children, pregnant and nursing women.
In the body, Ie glucuronolactone is naturally produced by the liver from glucose. Without that there are scientific studies to support, he would have the reputation to fight against fatigue and provide a sense of well-being. We find glucuronolactone in small amounts in normal power, among others in the wine. These small amounts in the diet no problem on health, but the French agency for food safety worries of adverse effects on the kidneys for rates that are found in energy drinks. Fortunately, few energy drinks contain this ingredient.
The B complex vitamins
The B vitamins are involved in metabolism of energy production. Food sources of vitamin B group are many and it is very easy, as part of a varied and balanced diet to meet our nutritional needs B vitamins
Many energy drinks contain large amounts of vitamin B complex and leading to far exceed the Recommended Dietary Allowances, or even override (with consumption of more than one can) the maximum daily tolerable intake for some of these vitamins. Although adverse effects only occur at very high doses, vigilance is still in order and, as elsewhere, moderation tastes better.
energy drinks and alcohol
Some energy drinks contain alcohol and are popular among young people, while out in bars. Since energy drinks contain caffeine which can improve attention span, reaction time, visual recognition, psychomotor speed and memory, there are concerns about the effect of these drinks on the decrease in perception harmful effects of alcohol.
Caffeine can mask the effects of decreased alertness caused by alcohol, which could lead to serious consequences. By cons, this assertion remains to be demonstrated on a scientific basis based on an appropriate sampling.
It is obvious that to be healthy, we do not need to consume energy drinks, although these drinks claim to give more energy. Their consumption is a concern in three important areas: sugar content that provides empty calories and can contribute to weight gain, their caffeine content and especially their alcohol content (for some) that can be a problem among young people eager to party.
In short, take an energy drink is like taking a large coffee filter with three or four sugar cubes and a placebo substance energizing potential (with or without alcohol).
Are energy drinks beneficial or not for health?