Definition of low back pain - a pain is a medical somewhat generic term for low back pain in more specifically in the lower back. Low back pain is a very common condition and usually harmless, affecting about 80% of people in developed countries.
Definition of low back pain
Low back pain may occur at any age, with a prevalence in adolescence and at the age of 45-50 years.
In some cases very limited, low back pain can be caused by a serious disease such as cancer, infection or a vertebral fracture. Thus, it is important and imperative to consult a doctor if:
Low back pain occurs following trauma such as a fall or a blow in the back, etc.
Pain associated with back pain are constant and / or intensify and that, mainly at night
The pain of low back pain occur after a prolonged drug taking corticosteroids
Pain radiating into one leg or both legs
Low back pain causes weakness, numbness or tingling in one leg or both legs
Pain associated with back pain are concomitant with the appearance of intestinal problems or urinary problems
Lower back pain also cause chest pain or abdominal pain
Lower back pain associated with urinary incontinence or loss of sensation in the perineum
Finally, the pain associated with back pain are accompanied by weight loss, unexplained weight loss and chills or fever.
If acute pain is still present three days after its appearance, it is also imperative to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
What are the causes of low back pain?
Low back pain is the onset of pain to the lower back. It is therefore that of a symptom with very diverse causes.
In the vast majority of cases (nearly 9 out of 10 times), low back pain is mild and there are no significant or serious health problem in the patient explaining the pain. LBP can then be provided by the intervertebral discs, the vertebrae, muscles, etc.
Generally, in the case of mild back pain (related to non-specific low back pain), it is impossible to doctor to accurately determine the origin of low back pain. This is why a doctor would never prescribe, always in the case of a non-specific for back pain, radio, scanner or MRI!
Here are some causes of back pain:
Injury to a muscle, tendon or ligament
Low back pain may occur as a result of an unusual effort or the accumulation of many efforts that have generated such micro-lesions. So those are the people who perform manual work or perform physical jobs which are those most at risk of low back pain.
Degeneration or herniated disc
Blame the inter-vétébraux discs! LBP is indeed often due to wear problems of inter-vétébraux disks and / or a herniated disc.
We propose to read a full article on the hernia.
A "link" gynecological
Because of painful menstruation or other gynecological reasons, many women develop back pain periodically. The origin of the pain is not the lumbar region, pain making only qu'irradier the lumbar region.
Slipping of one vertebra over another vertebra
Slipping of one vertebra over another vertebra may occur following trauma or because of congenital weakness.
Health common problems in older people can generate low back pain such as arthritis, osteoarthritis or osteoporosis.
What are the symptoms of low back pain?
Symptoms of low back pain can vary from one person to another, given in particular the anatomical complexity of this part of the body: the lower back. Thus, and for the same condition related low back pain, so two people suffering from the same ailment may describe very different pain!
muscle injury, ligament sprain, fracture and disc displacement
In the case of muscle damage, back pain (or poorly down the back in the lower back) occurs suddenly, usually due to a wrong move. The pain is usually manifested by intense muscle contraction. There are similar symptoms in the case of a ligament sprain or in the case of a rupture or the movement of an intervertebral disc.
Osteoarthritis, muscle trauma
If the pain of low back pain is maximum in the morning upon waking and then fades with stretching and movements, it is usually then a muscle trauma or osteoarthritis.
Sciatic nerve, herniated disc
Pain associated with sciatica, or pinching of the sciatic nerve, is manifested by a pain which descends along a leg or both legs. Pain is then exacerbated by coughing, sneezing or exercise. This type of pain can also be a sign of a herniated disc, pain increased by coughing, sneezing or exercise.
If the pain of your back pain is worse at night, is that it can be caused by pressure:
A diseased organ or
In the latter case, it is imperative to consult a doctor quickly!
Low back pain: Who is at risk?
Here is a partial list, a typology of people likely to develop back pain.
People working long sitting or standing
People who need to lift or pull heavy loads
People often have to lean forward or carry side torso twists
People with a family history of disc degeneration, osteoarthritis or osteoporosis
Low back pain: What are the risk factors?
Here is a list of risk factors that can cause low back pain.
Lack of physical training
The sports overtraining
Being overweight, overweight (BMI Calculator)
For women, wearing high-heeled shoes!
Prolonged stress, increasing muscle strain
What medical treatments for low back pain?
Phase of acute pain, the idea is to control pain. It is then important to avoid sudden movements and sit back. However, it is not to stand still and even less lying. Instead, walk a little often helps to control symptoms, although this depends on the degree of pain.
Positions based best lumbar
Lying (e) on the side, knees folded, a pillow under the head and another between the knees (pregnant women can add a pillow under the belly)
Lying (e) on the back, without a pillow under the head, with one or more pillows under your knees and rolled towel or small pillow in the small of the lower back.
Note that using a hot water bottle or heating waist belt significantly reduces pain.
Note: It is important not to prolong the rest period beyond 1 or 2 days and to resume its activities as soon as possible. Bed rest should be avoided or, at least, be as short as possible, being a predisposing factor for chronic back pain.
Drugs to treat and cure back pain
Drugs to treat acute LBP
The goal of treating acute low back pain is, over a short period, to melt down the pain.
For this purpose, doctors usually prescribe:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories such as aspirin or ibuprofen
Muscle relaxants (some of which are available to read and can help relieve pain
In the case of very intense pain, a doctor may prescribe stronger painkillers.
Relieving back pain is very important. It allows, in addition to relieving the patient, allowing him not withhold his movements and thus help to develop gradually, chronic low back pain.
Drugs to treat chronic low back pain
In addition to the above drugs, two types of drugs may be prescribed by your doctor in case of chronic low back pain:
Corticosteroids, as cortisone injections near the lumbar area
Antidepressants to relieve some back pain with their analgesic effects including
Some tips to avoid back pain
Here are some basic tips to avoid back pain as well as some ways to reduce muscle tension in the back and so also reduce the risk of back pain.
Adopt a healthy lifestyle
Watch your weight and stay always within the range of normal BMI (BMI Calculator)
Do physical exercises regularly
Pay special attention to the muscles of the abdomen and back
Reserve relaxing moments
Opting for a suitable posture
constantly monitor posture: a back straight, eyes forward and shoulders back
If lifting a heavy object, squat down by bending the knees while keeping your back straight then rise by unfolding the legs while holding the object close to your body.
Avoid twisting movements of the pelvis or twisting back
Also opt for a good work posture
Use straight-backed chairs that better support the lower back
Use a swivel chair to minimize twisting
Adjust the chair height and / or put your feet on a small support
If you work with a computer, it is necessary to adjust the height of the screen at eye level, to prevent unwanted movements of the neck
Other tips to avoid back pain
Prefer backpacks to bags with one handle
Pushing heavy objects rather than pull
For women, avoid wearing high-heeled shoes
Wear well-fitting shoes that provide better support
Definition of low back pain
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