How to speed up Windows and fix a slow PC Free - Computers running Windows slow down as new applications are added and used. Whether you use word processing software or spreadsheets, surf the Internet, play or do anything else, hard drives fill temporary files that are not completely removed when they do not Are more useful. Make a habit of regularly defragmenting your disk and your system's registry with free, but no less powerful software tools like Ccleaner, Wise Registry Cleaner or Wise Disk Cleaner or buy commercial utilities to clean and speed up your slow-moving computer . Read this article to learn how to help your PC to run smoothly or otherwise, at little cost.
How to speed up Windows and fix a slow PC
1. Stop unnecessary applications.
Unless you have moved it, the taskbar is normally located at the bottom of your screen. On the right-hand side is a group of small icons, the whole of which is the so-called "system platform". Each of these icons represents a program or manager that has been at least partially loaded or is running in "background". Without considering its functional state, each of them causes a reduction in the available memory and the computing power of the microprocessor. Closing, exiting, or canceling any of the icons used will render these resources to the operating system, which will then become available for use by the user. Go to your Task Manager and click on the "Processes" tab. Complete all the processes you can.
- You can use Process Explorer (procexp.exe) to list all programs running at any given time on your system. It is more complete than the task manager and will give you information about the files you will be flying over the list with your mouse pointer.
- There is a built-in Windows utility that can allow or inhibit the automatic loading of programs displayed in the taskbar when the system is started. To access it, click on the "Start" button and enter "msconfig" in the search bar at the bottom of the screen and click "OK". If you do not know what is the role of a process, research its name. Do not inhibit a process if you are unsure of its role, as some of them are critical to the proper functioning of your system.
- Game Booster is a utility from Iobit (the editor of Advanced SystemCare). This program will temporarily inhibit unnecessary background processes, freeing up resources and increasing the performance of your computer when you use resource-intensive applications such as game or video editing software. When you finish these applications, you will only have to go back to "normal mode" and the background processes will be reloaded.
2. Disable whimsical office gadgets that are only for aesthetics.
The rounded corners and transparency of the windows, the fading effects of the openings and closing of menus and the 3D buttons on the modern computers are heavy consumers of memory and other resources, and are able to saturate the machines somewhat old. Use the following steps to inhibit these effects that are not useful for normal computer operation:
- In Windows XP - Right click on "My Computer" and select the "Properties" option and go to the "Advanced" tab and click on the adjustment button below the "Performance" section. In the Performance Options dialog that appears, click the "Visual Effects" tab, and then choose "Adjust for Best Performance". Alternatively, you can try "Custom Options" and then enable or disable each of the settings to see which ones will work best without slowing down your computer.
- In Windows Vista - Click the "Start" button, click "Control Panel," then click "System Maintenance," and then select "Performance Information and Tools." Finally click on "Adjust the visual effects". Enter your administrator password if prompted. Click the "Visual Effects" tab, then choose "Fit for Best Performance". You can also try "Custom Options" and then enable or disable each of the settings to see which ones will work best without slowing down your computer.
- On Windows 7 - Click on the "Start" button, then on "Control Panel" and choose "System and Security". Locate and click "System" and then go to "Advanced Settings". From there, make sure you are on the "Advanced" tab and click "Settings" which is located "Performance". You can also choose "Fit for Best Performance" or custom options if you want to compromise between the visual effects to apply and the performance of your machine. This menu is accessed much faster by right-clicking on "My Computer" from the desktop or from the "Control Panel" option in the Start menu, then selecting "Advanced System Settings".
3. Turn off and turn on your computer.
(This is called a "cold start"). Indeed, during a simple or "hot" restart, certain processes or low-level managers running in the background do not completely free memory and some even continue to function by system necessity. Well-designed programs restore the memory they no longer need, but others do not, and continue to demand more memory from the system until it becomes saturated. This is called a " Memory ", which is due to a programming error and will be highlighted by a noticeable slowdown of the computer due to an abnormally high use of its resources. The remaining use of the user is to try to close the faulty process, but some of them can not be stopped like this and it is therefore necessary to restart the PC "cold" to have a clean memory in order to take into account Your new settings safely.
4. Empty the trash.
The simple deletion of files on a disk is not enough to really eliminate them, they are actually moved to a temporary directory on the hard disk for future restoration. This folder is called the "Recycle Bin", which is usually displayed in this form on the desktop. Examine its contents before emptying it. Once this trash has been emptied, the space occupied on the disk by the data contained in the trash will be available for another use and it will then be extremely difficult if not impossible to recover them. Note that this will have a noticeable effect only if your hard drive is close to saturation.
5. Uninstall any applications that have become unnecessary.
When applications and games are installed on a Windows PC, a number of them are written to the system structure and dozens (or more) of changes are made to its registry. Most of these changes are imperceptible to the user and to perform a proper uninstall, you will need to use the Windows built-in application that is accessible through the control panel in "Add or Uninstall Programs" or by clicking on the " Programs and Features "icon in the Control Panel. There are external utilities that can help you to remove programs that do not have an uninstall module. "Revo Uninstaller Pro" and "Ccleaner" are two of these popular applications.
- If the program to be deleted is not listed in the control panel, use its uninstaller (usually named "Uninstall.exe" and located in the same directory).
- A simple program deletion is not at all the same as an uninstall because all the dependencies that were written to the Windows directory and changes to the registry at the time of installation will remain in place And could be reloaded when the system is restarted.
- Make sure you do not uninstall any programs that are required to run other applications. ITunes® for example could no longer work if QuickTime® was removed from the system and many programs rely on the use of other Microsoft modules.
6. Run error tests on all system hard disks.
Right click on the hard drive icon located in the "My Computer" folder then select "Properties" and then "Tools" from the context menu. Choose "Error Testing" to scan the drive for possible corrupted files, which may cause slower access. This process will last a few minutes or more depending on the size of the hard drive or any errors it may encounter.
7. Defragment your hard drives.
Right click on the hard drive icon located in the "My Computer" folder then select "Properties" and then "Tools". Select "Defragment" to start the utility that will clean up the fragmented files and group the free space on the disk. Attention, do not defragment an SSD: this kind of operation inflicts an impressive number of writings that will use the cells. For a hard drive, the process must be run at least once a week or more frequently if the computer is being used extensively. Some versions of Windows allow you to plan the use of this utility and allow automatic launch without manual intervention. This process can last from a few tens of minutes to several hours depending on the size and the free space on the disk. You may want to consider doing this overnight. When defragmentation is complete, disk read and write access times should be significantly reduced. There are also standalone defragmenters on the Internet that you can download. Some are free, others are commercial products and in this case you may have to pay a license to use. A very good free example of this kind of programs is IOBit's Smart Defrag 2.
8. Install and maintain antivirus software. Currently, this is the software to install absolutely first after the operating system.
Respectful computer shops offer a fairly large selection, but there is also a wide variety available for free (and legally) on the Internet and that is about as effective as their older brothers in commercial version. Three of the most popular freeware solutions are Avast !, AVG and Avira AntiVir. All include regular (typically weekly) updates to the "virus definition" databases, allowing them to detect the most recently released viruses in the wild and protect your system from potential contamination. Note that if your computer suffers a very slight slowdown due to the action of the antivirus, it will never be as important as if it were to become contaminated by a worm or a virus. Also install Ad Blocker. This application will not only block sites that deliver malicious programs, but will also have the advantage of reducing the temporary disk space dedicated to your Internet browser by about 30% by prohibiting the downloading of advertisements.
9. Move the "swap file" or virtual memory.
These files are (depending on the installed version of Windows) hidden and are usually located on the disk containing the system (normally "C:"). If there is a second physical disk on your PC, consider moving them there. Ideally, these files work much better if they are housed on the fastest and largest disk (in terms of available space) of the system. The procedure to carry out this change of location varies depending on the version of Windows used and will not be detailed here at the moment because it is very complex in nature.
10. Find and delete temporary files.
Temporary files are used for time-limited support for certain applications and then generally remain unused when this application is closed. You can find them in "C: \ Documents and Settings \ <username> \ Local Settings \ Temp" (under Windows XP), "C: \ Users \ <username> \ AppData \ Local \ Temp" Well in the "% TEMP%" variable of the system (under all versions of Windows). Delete all files in this folder. If one or more of these files refuse to erase, delete the others, it is simply because a program uses them at the same time that you erase it. This will free up a respectable space on the disc. You can also empty the directory containing the temporary Internet browsing files.
11. Be realistic.
"High-end" computers purchased nine years ago can run under the latest versions of Windows, but that does not mean they will work perfectly. Keep in mind that the "Minimum Requirements" on Windows packages are really the bare minimum and that to get a better experience, you will need to consider the "recommended configuration" announced by the system. The technology is evolving rapidly and it seems that there is currently a game of "I ride, you follow me" between software developers and hardware manufacturers. The new programs have increasing hardware requirements and vice versa and it seems that it is the frustration the user can endure which is the factor determining the effective life of the machine-software couple.
12. Set the energy consumption settings in "high performance" mode.
This is especially true for laptops and "netbooks" where the processor speed may be altered depending on the parameters of a compromise between performance and running time on the battery of the device.
13. Clean the primary partition.
Click on "Start", choose "Run" and enter "cleanmgr". Select your primary partition (this is the disk where Windows is installed, usually the "C: \" disk) and scan it for unnecessary files. After a few seconds you will see a list of unnecessary files, just check all the selection boxes and let the program erase them.
14. Download a system cleaner that is safe.
Many programs have the ability to clean your computer, erase unnecessary files and fix errors in the registry. Some of them are: AVG PC Tuneup, AVG QuickTune, CCleaner, RegClean Pro, SpeedyPC Pro etc. Be careful as some of these software can also remain open constantly which can lead to a slowdown of your computer.
Advice: How to speed up Windows and fix a slow PC Free
- Consider a reinstallation of Windows. It may be easier to format your computer's hard drive and reinstall
- Windows. Be sure to back up your data before anything else and prepare the necessary CDs or DVDs for this reinstallation. Note that the formatting process will irretrievably destroy your data on the disk, this means that you will have to restore all your software and data from this backup.
- Keep malware under control. If, when you launch one of the utilities mentioned in the previous steps, you received a message such as "Access denied" or "You do not have permission to launch this task" or if the program simply did not work, Your system is probably prone to malware infection. Other symptoms may include frequent "beeps" with a realistic appearance, alerts sent by your antivirus that your system is infected, or your Internet browser systematically sends you to pornographic sites or search sites for which You never set it.
- Note that some of these steps apply more specifically to specific versions of Windows than others, not all steps are necessarily compatible with each other.
- Consider an operating system change. Consider switching to Linux if your operating system is old or slow. You will have a few disadvantages such as having to learn a new operating system and a few more. This is a significant step to take and will not be treated in this Wiki. Refer to this article wikiHow: Learn to use Linux for more information.
- Keeping Windows up to date, especially by using the Windows Update utility, is very important and can help you avoid particularly malicious software infections.
- Do not let your computer heat up. When a computer becomes too hot, the microprocessor fan accelerates. If the rise in temperature continues despite this, the central unit will enter into a mode of operation called "thermal regulation" which considerably slows down its working speed to avoid its destruction. Some precautions such as hibernating or shutting down your machine if you do not use it for a period of time, keep the PC openings free to ensure proper ventilation and keep the room where it is located is tempered and dust-free The device will help you keep it cold ... and fast.
- Add memory. Although having a significant financial cost, adding memory is an effective way of boosting the performance of a system, especially if your PC is equipped with only 1 GB. The increase in the size of the memory has the advantage of reducing the number and the times of access to the hard disk in reading as well as in writing. Before purchasing and installing additional memory, refer to the motherboard documentation for accurate size, type, speed, and configuration.
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