Nosebleeds – Causes and Treatment

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Nosebleeds - Causes and Treatment - Nosebleeds are common and usually mild bleeding, related to a nasal mucosal lesion. They can sometimes be a sign of a more serious condition.
Epistaxis

The nosebleeds (epistaxis) is a generally Benin ENT disorder that mainly affects children 2 to 10 years and adults after 50 years. It is related to a lesion of the vascular network that irrigates the nasal mucosa. The most commonly affected area is called vascular spot Kiesselbach Escat, located 1 cm from the entrance to the nostril. Many causes are associated with this type of bleeding. By its abundance and repetition, a nosebleed can be a medical emergency and mark the presence of underlying disease.

Nosebleeds - Causes and Treatment

Benin or serious?

Benin bleeding nose

In the case of Benin epistaxis, flow is scarce (drip), unilateral and has no impact on the general state.
severe epistaxis

Blood flow through the nasal cavity is then abundant, usually bilateral, anteroposterior (blood clots swallowing) and marked by an impaired general condition (eg pallor, asthenia). The repetition of a bleeding, and long term, are two other severity indicators.
causes

local causes

An important trimming or sneezing occurs at a nasopharyngitis, micro-trauma finger pressure on the spot vascular, trauma (in most cases) as an accidental nasal trauma with or without fracture or surgical trauma , the presence of foreign bodies, vascular anomaly, or a nasopharyngeal fibroma (tumor) may be a local causes a epistaxis.
General causes

coagulation abnormalities, hypertension, environmental causes (cold temperature, change in atmospheric pressure: change of altitude), drug use (decongestant medication, cortisone spray, a violent effort, cirrhosis or consumption alcohol may explain the occurrence of epistaxis.

Bleeding from the nose Benin: what to do?

If effusion Benin You have to sit, do not tilt the head back (when the blood flow into the throat), nose carefully the nasal cavity to evacuate the clots, compress Ala for a few minutes (to allow clotting) and apply a cold compress under the nose,
If bleeding continues, dab with a haemostatic wick, which promotes local coagulation. Cauterization of vascular spot in the office is being considered in the presence of repeated bleeding, to reduce the risk of recurrence.
When to see?

If in doubt, or in the presence of certain risk factors (eg, hypertension) or repeated discharge, nose bleeding is a medical emergency. It is recommended to consult his doctor quickly.

Nosebleeds - Causes and Treatment

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