Side effects of opioids


Side effects of opioids - Analgesics bearings # 2 and # 3 have the same side effects: nausea, vomiting, and constipation and dry mouth.

Side effects of opioids

Some recommendations, however, can prevent or diminish the importance of the side effects of opioid drugs.


Opioids almost always cause constipation. It can become extremely unpleasant, even dangerous. A laxative is routinely prescribed by doctors prevention.

It is advisable to take this laxative after the first dose of opioid therapy and throughout the duration of treatment. The laxative dose is adjusted according to each person according to its effectiveness.

If the treatment is effective laxative (1-2 bowel movements daily), do not stop. In case of diarrhea (more than 3 bowel movements daily), decrease the dose of laxative with your doctor's agreement. Consult your doctor if you are under a saddle week.

If you wish, you can benefit from a consultation with a dietician. It can help establish the menus and adjust your diet to reduce the risk of constipation.

Some simple measures can reduce the risk of constipation:

  • drink often small amounts of fluids: water, fruit juices, teas, dairy products, soups, coffee, tea, milk ... (1.5 to 2 liters per day);
  • consuming raw and cooked fruits and vegetables in all forms (fresh, frozen, canned or dried);
  • Limit foods slow the transit (rice, cooked carrots, bananas);
  • keep physical activity to the extent possible;
  • massage your stomach;
  • maintain comfortable conditions for the toilet and go regularly, even if you do do not want.

Side effects of opioids

Nausea or vomiting are possible in early treatment. They are not systematic and usually go away in about a week. If they last longer, talk to your doctor may adjust your treatment.

If the analgesic treatment is effective, but it causes nausea, it is best to treat nausea rather than abandon the analgesic drug.

Make sure that a treatment against nausea and vomiting (called antiemetic medication) is prescribed for you in prevention by your doctor.

Some tips on diet help to reduce nausea and vomiting:

  • prefer cold or warm foods that are less odorous than hot foods;
  • avoid heavy foods difficult to digest, such as fried foods, fatty or spicy;
  • rather eat white foods (mashed potatoes, rice, chicken, cream ....) that are less visually exciting as colors and cause less nausea sensations;
  • prefer several small meals rather than two longest traditional meal to digest;
  • Eat slowly to aid digestion;
  • avoid drinking during meals, but rather drink before or after. Fresh soft drinks, including cola based, sometimes help reduce nausea.


If pain disturbed your sleep, early in treatment drowsiness is normal: you are recovering from your lack of sleep.

If a significant sleepiness persists beyond 3 to 4 days, report it to your doctor. It may be due to pain treatment or a combination of other drugs (such as sleeping pills or muscle relaxants). Your doctor will adjust your treatment to decrease this side effect.


Some people experience dry mouth. It is possible to mitigate this feeling very often consuming small amounts of water, ice, fruit and dairy products.

You can also moisten your mouth with a mineral water spray (sold in supermarkets or pharmacies) and products in the form of gel or chewing gum.

Do not hesitate to ask your doctor. In case of severe drought, mouthwashes will be prescribed. If you are undergoing radiation or chemotherapy, it is particularly important to properly moisten your mouth because it is weakened by these treatments.

In case of pain (in the gums, tongue or throat, for example), immediately consult your doctor.

Side effects of opioids

Side effects of opioids


A drug overdose opioid may be manifested by attention disorders, visual disturbances, excessive sleepiness, frequent nightmares, hallucinations, waking with a start, twitching, difficulty breathing.

In this case, it is important to quickly consult your doctor so that your treatment changes.

When the adverse effects of an opioid drug is too great, it is replaced with another drug in the same power, which will be better supported. It's called opioid rotation.

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