Understanding Disease Kidney Failure


Understanding Disease Kidney Failure. Kidneys that we have weighed about 150 grams and its size is only half of the palm of the hand. But functions do not ask, the kidney is very strategic and affects all parts of the body. Kidney function of regulating body fluid balance, electrolyte, acids and bases. Kidneys also will remove metabolic waste that will poison the body, regulate blood pressure and maintain healthy bones.

Kidney disease is a disease in which kidney function has decreased until finally no longer able to work at all. Kidney disease can affect anyone who is suffering from a serious illness or injury that have a direct impact on the kidney itself. Kidney disease often dialamai those aged adults or the elderly. There are two types of kidney failure is acute renal disease and chronic kidney disease.


Kidney disease caused by several serious illnesses suffered by the body that slowly affects the kidney organ damage. Some diseases that often affect kidney damage include: high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes (diabetes mellitus), blockage of the urinary tract (stones, tumors, narrowing / stricture), autoimmune disorders such as lupus erythematosus, cancer (cancer ), renal disorders caused development of cysts (polycystic kidney disease), the sudden loss of fluids (vomiting, bleeding, burns), etc.


Signs or symptoms of kidney disease are virtually invisible at the same time. With laboratory tests, can be determined more carefully and accurately whether the signs that lead to the possibility of renal failure.

Here are some signs or symptoms of kidney disease that you need to watch out for:
- Urine sorely lacking compared to previous habits.
- Urinary discolored, foaming, or often up at night to urinate.
- Frequent swelling in the feet, ankles, hands and face. Partly because the kidneys are not able to dispose of the excess water.
- Hurry tired or weak, due to dirt can not be removed by the kidneys.
- Shortness of breath, due to water collects in the lungs. This situation is often misinterpreted as asthma or heart failure.
- Bad breath because of the presence of impurities that accumulate in the oral cavity.
- Soreness in the back.
- Itching, especially in the legs.
- Loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting.


Kidney disease is often no complaints at all, no less a person loses 90 percent of his kidney function without feeling complaint. Patients should be wary if you experience symptoms such as: high blood pressure, changes in the amount of urine, blood in the urine, swelling in the feet and ankles, weakness and difficulty sleeping, headache, tightness, and felt nausea and vomiting.

Each person may have kidney disease, both men and women, regardless of economic status. They suggested doing early inspection is a person who holds a high risk factor, namely those who have a family history of high blood, diabetes, heart disease, and any family members who declared a doctor of kidney disease.

There are several tests that can be performed to determine the condition of our kidneys. The most common is the examination of the urine. The presence of protein or blood in the urine showed abnormalities of the kidney.

In addition, we can also perform blood tests to measure levels of creatinine and urea in the blood. If the kidneys are not working, the levels of both substances would be increased in the blood. Further examination to identify abnormalities such as radiological examinations and renal biopsy. Usually these checks on a particular indication and the advice of a doctor.


Preventing kidney disease can be done in various ways, particularly by adopting a healthy lifestyle. Stop smoking, watching your cholesterol, control weight, avoid lack of fluids by drinking enough water is not more than 2 liters per day. "Drinking extra water will only damage the kidneys," said Dr. David Manuputty, gas stations of RSCM Jakarta.

In addition to a healthy lifestyle, do an annual health check on the doctor (general check-up), have also to ensure that your urine is examined for the presence of blood or protein in the urine. Equally important, be careful in the use of anti-pain medication in particular types of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Relation to food, here are some suggestions of food to prevent kidney disease are recommended:

Consumption of a diet low in protein
The body needs protein to build muscle. But for patients with kidney disease, excess protein will cause a disruption in the screening process, which resulted in an increase in waste products of metabolism of proteins in the blood and exacerbate the disease. You can prevent this by consuming a low-protein diet that is around you.

Plenty of salt
The sodium salt serves to retain fluid in your body. To reduce the salt levels in the body, when you buy food, check food labels and look for foods that have a sodium content below 400 mg for one meal. Even if you eat with gravy, sauces use low sodium levels, and do not use salt substitutes containing potassium.

Do not drink too much
Normal kidney can regulate the balance of fluids in and out of the body. If your kidneys are impaired, there will be problems in the formation of urine. In conditions like this, you should limit your consumption of water per day. Should suck the lemon juice to moisten your lips are dry, and drink only to overcome the feeling of thirst. If you also include people with diabetes, keep your blood sugar levels, so you do not feel too thirsty.

Do not consume phosphate
Milk, dried beans, and brown for zinc phosphate, should be avoided for consumption because it will result in levels of phosphate in your blood increases and causes the bones to become more brittle.

That is a brief description about the causes, symptoms and prevention of kidney disease. May be useful.

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